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Why Am I So Sensitive? Understanding The Highly Sensitive Personality

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Do you often find yourself overwhelmed by emotions more intensely than those around you? You’re not alone, as up to 30% of the population may be highly sensitive people (HSPs). This post delves into the world of high sensitivity, providing insights and strategies to embrace this personality trait while maintaining emotional balance.

Keep reading to uncover a deeper understanding of your sensitivity.

Key Takeaways

  • Being highly sensitive is a real thing that affects up to 30% of people. It means you have sharp senses and feel emotions very deeply, including those of others.
  • If you are highly sensitive, your brain processes things in a special way due to sensory processing sensitivity which might be part of your genes.
  • It’s important for highly sensitive people to know how to handle their feelings. This can include talking with therapists, learning what makes them feel too much (triggers), and practicing self-care like resting and doing quiet activities.
  • Highly sensitive people often have great skills in being creative and understanding other people’s feelings. They should use these gifts and find ways to deal with the hard parts of being so aware of the world around them.
  • Remember that being highly sensitive has both good sides and tough sides. By getting the right help and looking after yourself, you can make the most out of this special trait.

What Does it Mean to Be Highly Sensitive?

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Being highly sensitive means having a heightened awareness and response to sensory stimuli, emotions, and environmental factors. It’s important to understand the distinction between being highly sensitive and simply being emotional.

The difference between being highly sensitive and emotional

If you are highly sensitive, it means you feel things very deeply. You might get easily upset by loud noises or busy places. This is because your brain works a little differently and picks up more details than other people’s brains do.

It’s not just about feeling sad or happy; it’s also about noticing all the small things around you that others might miss.

Emotional sensitivity is when your feelings get strong quickly. For example, if someone says something mean, you might feel hurt right away. But being emotional doesn’t always mean you notice all those tiny details like a highly sensitive person does.

So while both can make life feel intense, they are not quite the same thing.

Characteristics of a highly sensitive person

Being highly sensitive is like having a heightened awareness of the world. This can show in many parts of a person’s life. Here are some traits that you might see:

  • They feel emotions deeply, both their own and others’. Happy times make them very joyous, but they also feel sad or hurt more than most.
  • Highly sensitive people often pick up on small changes in a room or a person’s voice. They notice when someone is upset, even if that person is trying to hide it.
  • Their senses are sharp, so loud noises, strong smells, and bright lights can be too much for them. They may need to step away from busy places to find calm.
  • These individuals think about things a lot and care deeply about the choices they make. Rushed decisions don’t sit well with them; they prefer to take their time.
  • Art and music can move highly sensitive people in big ways because they see beauty in life very clearly.
  • They work hard not to upset others, taking care to remember little details that matter to the people around them.
  • Life’s tough moments hit harder for highly sensitive folks. Heartache and loss weigh heavily on them.

Understanding the Science Behind High Sensitivity

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High sensitivity has a scientific basis, with research suggesting a genetic predisposition and the discovery of the Highly Sensitive Person trait by psychologist Elaine Aron. Sensory processing sensitivity plays a key role in how highly sensitive individuals process and react to sensory input.

Genetic predisposition

Some people are born more sensitive because of their genes. Studies show that half of the reason a person is highly sensitive can be traced back to their DNA. It’s not about one single gene; it’s several genes and brain parts working together that make someone extra sensitive to what’s going on around them.

These genes help shape a personality trait called sensory processing sensitivity. This means you might notice more in the world, like sounds, lights, or other people’s feelings. Next, we’ll look at how this trait was first found and what it means for those who have it.

The discovery of the Highly Sensitive Person trait

A little while ago, scientists made a big find. They discovered that some of us are born with a personality trait known as sensory processing sensitivity (SPS). This means they feel things really deeply and notice more about what’s happening around them.

People with this trait can pick up on small changes in other people’s voices or see tiny things in their facial expressions that others might miss. Because of SPS, these folks are often called Highly Sensitive Persons or HSPs.

This discovery has sparked lots of interest and research. Now we know why some people seem more tuned in to the world and its emotional currents. About 15 to 20 percent of the population have this trait—it’s not just something in their head! And guess what? It looks like genes play a part too.

Some clever researchers found gene variants linked to high sensitivity, which shows it’s part of who you are from the start. Let’s dive deeper into how all this works inside our brains and bodies next.

Sensory processing sensitivity

Some people are born with sensory processing sensitivity (SPS). This means they have a super sharp sense to what’s happening around them. They can pick up on small changes in a room, notice the mood of someone close, or even get bothered by loud noises or strong smells that others might not mind.

Having SPS is like having an antenna that catches everything more intensely. Your brain works hard to take in and think about all this extra stuff coming in. Imagine hearing music and noticing each instrument while also feeling the vibe of everyone listening.

That’s how it can be for someone with sensory processing sensitivity.

Causes of Being Highly Sensitive

High sensitivity can be caused by past trauma, underlying mental health conditions, life transitions and grief, as well as physical illness. Understanding these potential causes can help individuals navigate their emotions and seek the support they need to manage their heightened sensitivity.

Past trauma

Bad things that happen in childhood can affect how sensitive you are now. Not getting enough love from parents might make someone very aware of emotions. This could lead to being easily hurt by what others say or do.

Trauma may cause a person to be on high alert all the time. Because of this, they might pick up on small changes in the mood or feelings of people around them.

Being very watchful can make life hard as it takes a lot of energy and makes you tired. If trauma from the past isn’t healed, it often shows up as anxiety, strong reactions to stress, or feeling ashamed for no clear reason.

Understanding your own deep feelings is key if you want to feel better and less stressed out by the world around you.

Underlying mental health conditions

Sometimes being highly sensitive is tied to other mental health issues. This can include anxiety or depression, especially when someone has had tough times in their life. It’s not just about feeling things deeply – it could also be a sign of something more, like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism.

These conditions might make the world seem very bright and noisy, which can overwhelm the brain.

People with these underlying conditions often feel stress more intensely than others. They may find it hard to cope with lots of noise, crowds, or even strong smells. Therapists help people understand how their brains react to things around them.

With this knowledge, they learn ways to handle big emotions and stay calm in busy places. Therapy can become an important part of taking care of your mind and body if you’re highly sensitive with added mental health challenges.

Life transitions and grief

Life transitions and grief can be particularly challenging for highly sensitive people. The intense emotions and changes that come with significant life events can feel overwhelming.

Coping with the loss of a loved one, changing jobs, or moving to a new place may trigger heightened emotional responses in highly sensitive individuals, making it difficult for them to navigate these transitions.

Highly sensitive people often experience deep emotional reactions not only to their own grief but also to the grief of others around them. This can amplify their emotional burden during times of loss and change.

Understanding this aspect of high sensitivity is crucial in providing support and empathy to those going through such challenging periods.

Moving on from negative emotions experienced during life transitions and dealing with grief involves finding ways to manage overwhelm effectively while also acknowledging the deeply felt nature of these experiences by HSPs.

Recognising how unique it is for each person allows us all insights into supporting others who might be struggling amidst major shifts in their lives.

Physical illness

Physical illness can contribute to high sensitivity, as it can heighten emotional reactivity. When the body is unwell, it may impact an individual’s ability to regulate emotions effectively.

For instance, chronic pain or discomfort from a physical condition can lead to heightened stress and emotional responses. Additionally, certain medical conditions such as fibromyalgia or autoimmune disorders are associated with increased sensitivity to sensory stimuli, which can exacerbate emotional responsiveness.

Moreover, research suggests that individuals with specific physical illnesses may have a genetic predisposition towards high sensitivity. Conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic fatigue syndrome have been linked to hypersensitivity of the nervous system and alterations in emotional regulation processes.

The Positive Aspects of Being Highly Sensitive

Highly sensitive individuals often exhibit emotional depth and empathy, allowing them to connect with others on a deeper level. Their heightened sensitivity also tends to enhance their creative and intuitive abilities, contributing to a rich inner world.

Emotional depth and empathy

Highly sensitive people (HSPs) often possess a heightened emotional depth and empathy, allowing them to understand others on a deeper level. This means they can pick up on subtle cues and emotions more easily, making them compassionate listeners and supportive friends.

Their rich inner life also enables them to connect with the experiences of others, offering comfort and empathy in times of need. Research shows that HSPs experience stronger emotional responses, which can make them valuable contributors to social relationships as well as the community at large.

Furthermore, their empathetic nature allows them to be more attuned to the needs of those around them and respond with kindness and consideration. While this sensitivity may present challenges at times, such as feeling overwhelmed by intense emotions or external stimuli, it also offers unique strengths that benefit both individuals and society as a whole.

Increased self-awareness

Understanding and embracing your highly sensitive nature can lead to increased self-awareness. This awareness allows you to recognise and acknowledge your emotional responses, enabling better understanding of your own needs and triggers.

Highly sensitive people often possess a deep introspective ability, which aids in recognising the impact of external stimuli on their emotions. By being more self-aware, HSPs can effectively manage their responses to overwhelming situations, promoting emotional regulation and overall well-being.

Self-awareness also facilitates the recognition of personal boundaries and the ability to communicate them effectively, leading to healthier relationships.

Acknowledging and embracing heightened sensitivity fosters a deeper understanding of oneself as well as others’ experiences. This empathy not only enhances personal connections but also allows for more meaningful interactions with those around you.

Creative and intuitive abilities

Understanding and embracing their heightened self-awareness, highly sensitive individuals often demonstrate remarkable creative and intuitive abilities. Studies have found that their vivid inner experiences and deep emotional processing can fuel their creativity, allowing them to connect deeply with art, music, writing or other forms of expression.

Their empathetic nature also enables them to intuitively understand others’ emotions and perspectives, making them insightful and compassionate in their interactions. These strengths contribute positively to the world around them, fostering an environment of understanding and depth in personal connections.

Research has also uncovered a strong association between high sensitivity and creative pursuits. Many well-known artists, musicians, writers, and innovators attribute their imaginative work to their heightened sensitivity.

The Challenges of Being Highly Sensitive

High sensitivity can come with its own set of challenges, including feeling overwhelmed and hyper-reactive to stimuli, as well as facing misunderstandings and societal expectations that may not align with your unique temperament.

It’s important to recognise these challenges in order to navigate them effectively and find ways to manage overwhelm while harnessing the benefits of being a highly sensitive person.

Overwhelm and hyper-reactivity

Highly sensitive individuals often experience overwhelm and hyper-reactivity due to their heightened responsiveness to external and internal stimuli. This can lead them to feel overstimulated in crowded or noisy environments, making it challenging for them to regulate their emotions.

The higher levels of Sensory Processing Sensitivity (SPS) mean that highly sensitive people are more likely to feel overwhelmed by everyday experiences, such as bright lights, strong smells, or violent media content.

Their stronger reactivity can also make it difficult for them to manage stress and may lead them to avoid certain situations altogether.

Misunderstandings and societal expectations

Navigating the world as a highly sensitive person often comes with misunderstandings and societal expectations. Unfortunately, sensitivity is sometimes perceived as a weakness rather than a unique trait.

Highly sensitive people are frequently misjudged as being emotionally immature due to their heightened reactions to stimuli, leading to them being labeled as “weird” or “too emotional.” Moreover, society’s tendency to equate strength with stoicism can result in HSPs feeling misunderstood and undervalued, contributing to further societal misconceptions about their nature.

Highly sensitive individuals may struggle to fit into social situations that require them to mask their strong emotions or adapt swiftly to environmental sensitivities like crowded spaces.

Coping with High Sensitivity

Seeking professional support through talk therapy or other types of therapy can help you learn to manage emotions and practice self-acceptance. Understanding your sensitivity is key to managing overwhelm and harnessing the benefits while finding balance in your daily life.

Seeking professional support

If you’re struggling with the challenges of being highly sensitive, seeking professional support can make a real difference. Therapists can help you understand and manage overwhelming emotionslearn to set healthy boundaries, and develop coping strategies.

This guidance enhances your resilience and strengthens your relationships while navigating the unique aspects of high sensitivity.

Understanding and accepting your sensitivity is key to managing overwhelm and finding balance in your life. Seeking professional support allows you to explore effective coping mechanisms that align with your highly sensitive personality, leading to improved mental well-being and emotional stability as you embrace the positive qualities of being highly sensitive.

Dealing with high sensitivity isn’t easy but remember; there are professionals ready to support you on this journey towards self-acceptance and empowerment.

Learning to manage emotions and practice self-acceptance

After seeking professional support, learning to manage emotions and practising self-acceptance are essential steps for highly sensitive individuals. Here’s how to achieve this:

  1. Understand your triggers: Identifying situations or stimuli that overwhelm you is the first step towards managing emotional reactions effectively.
  2. Develop coping strategies: Engage in activities that help regulate your emotions, such as mindfulness, deep breathing exercises, or journaling.
  3. Accept and validate your feelings: Acknowledge that it’s okay to feel deeply and be compassionate towards yourself during challenging emotional experiences.
  4. Set boundaries: Learning to say no and creating a supportive environment can help reduce emotional overwhelm.
  5. Seek understanding relationships: Surround yourself with people who validate and respect your sensitivity, promoting a sense of acceptance and belonging.
  6. Practise self-care: Prioritise activities that recharge you physically, emotionally, and mentally to prevent burnout and maintain overall well-being.
  7. Embrace your strengths: Recognise the positive aspects of being highly sensitive and use them as tools for personal growth and fulfilment.
  8. Cultivate self-awareness: Reflect on your emotions, reactions, and thought patterns to gain a deeper understanding of yourself as a highly sensitive person.
  9. Seek professional guidance when needed: Therapists or counsellors can provide tailored strategies for managing emotions and fostering self-acceptance.

Harnessing the benefits and finding balance

High sensitivity brings unique strengths like deep empathy, creativity, and intuition. Embracing these traits allows you to connect with others on a profound level and offer valuable insights.

Engage in activities that nourish your emotional depth—journaling, art, or nature walks can help process feelings and foster self-awareness. Remember, high sensitivity is not a flaw but a gift that offers rich experiences and meaningful connections.

Finding balance is crucial for highly sensitive individuals. Set boundaries to protect yourself from overwhelming stimuli—it’s okay to say no when needed. Practice self-care regularly by engaging in calming activities and seeking peaceful environments when feeling overstimulated.

Developing coping strategies empowers you to navigate the world confidently while leveraging the benefits of high sensitivity.


In conclusion, being highly sensitive is not a weakness but rather a unique trait that affects 20-30% of the population. Understanding high sensitivity can provide valuable insights into one’s emotions and surroundings.

By embracing this trait and learning effective coping strategies, individuals can harness its strengths and navigate its challenges in a positive way. It is important to acknowledge the value of being highly sensitive and recognise it as a significant aspect of individual differences.

Embracing empathy, self-awareness, and emotional depth can lead to a more fulfilling and enriched life experience for highly sensitive individuals.


1. What does it mean to be highly sensitive?

Being highly sensitive means you feel things deeply, like emotions and the mood of others. You might react more to situations than other people do.

2. Can being around many people make me feel more emotional?

Yes, if you’re a highly sensitive person, crowds and busy places might make you feel very emotional or stressed.

3. Why do I pick up on small changes in how my friends are feeling?

If you’re highly sensitive, your brain notices emotional cues that others may miss. It’s like reading social cues really well.

4. Could my sensitivity be due to autism or ADHD?

Some people with autism or ADHD are extra-sensitive too, but being sensitive doesn’t always mean you have these conditions.

5. Are there ways to become less sensitive?

You can learn skills that might help manage sensitivity, but remember it’s also okay to embrace your level of sensitivity as part of who you are.

6. Is sensory processing disorder the same as being emotionally sensitive?

No, they’re different! Sensory processing disorder is about how your senses react to things around you while being emotionally sensitive is more about feelings.

Why Am I So Sensitive? Understanding The Highly Sensitive Personality
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